How to Exfoliate Skin

A Complete Guide on How to Exfoliate Skin

The skin is arguably one of the most overlooked and underappreciated body organs, despite it being the largest and fastest-growing organ.

Proper skin care can also get pretty overwhelming.

Imagine you wake up one sunny morning, and just before you apply moisturizer you come across dry…flaky skin?

Many people think that just using skin hydration products like creamy moisturizers or miracle creams will take care of everything, only to experience dry skin moments later.

Unfortunately, this is not usually the case. Even using skin cleansers do not get rid of flaky skin.

Exfoliation benefits all skin types. It removes dead cells to expose the new and beaming skin underneath.

There are a lot of misleading advertisements, where companies showcase their products as magical with instant results. Do not be deceived.

The secret to having a smooth skin lies in the old-fashioned exfoliation.

A good number of people confuse cleansing with exfoliating.

The two are completely different.

For a better skin, perform both thoroughly but separately. If you are in the same camp as these folks, I highly recommend exfoliation/ face scrub.

Conventional Techniques Used for Exfoliation

There are three primary methods of exfoliation.

  1. Mechanical methods which are the most common where an abrasive is used to scrub off dead skin cells.
  2. Chemical methods using chemical scrubs with ingredients such as glycolic acid, salicylic acid, citric acid, malic acid and fruit enzymes.
  3. Hair removal by waxing or shaving.

How often Do I Need to Exfoliate?

How regularly you exfoliate your skins will depend on some factors like your skin type and personal preferences.

I recommend twice a week exfoliation if you want to have that skin you have always desired. If you notice sensitivity or redness on your face after scrubbing, consider minimizing the frequency of exfoliation.

If it persists, visit a dermatologist.

The Importance of Doing Regular Skin Exfoliation

  1. Exfoliation thoroughly cleanses the skin and removes build up in the pores which help to disintegrate whiteheads. Removing dead skin reduces the skin’s surface in a gentle way reduces the visibility of lines, pores and wrinkles.
  2. It soothes the skin’s texture by removing uneven and dull complexion and refines it which results in a soft, supple and radiant look. Perform regular exfoliation remove aging signs, and have a young-looking face.
  3. Protects you from conditions such as acne that come up as a result of pores getting blocked.
  4. Exfoliation gives your face an appearance of fresh glow by enhancing the free flow of blood to the face.
  5. Exfoliation makes makeup look better on you. Just look at it like sanding a wall before applying paint. Getting rid of the dead skin enhances your skin’s ability to absorb other products.

Steps to Follow When Exfoliating Your Skin

Some ideas for how to actually do this.

Examine Your Skin and Take Note of the Dry and Rough Patches

A good strategy is to test yourself outside in the sun at daylight using a large mirror.

Note areas that have too much dryness, as these are the places that require facial scrubbing more. There’s no need to panic; it happens to the best of us.

The human body sheds a layer of dead skin every day.

However, not all the dead skin will fall to the ground, a good percentage of it remains on your skin surface. The dead skin sticks to the body and builds up day after day.

The result is having dead skin cells filling pores, blocking hairs and oils from circulating and getting to the skin surface.

Do not wait for someone to take care of your skin for you, be in control of your skin health. Getting to understand your skin will make you your skincare expert.

Believe me; it is a satisfying feeling.

Begin the Exfoliation Process

Choose the most appropriate scrubber for your skin type.

Clean up your makeup with wet wipes. You can ignore this step if you are not wearing make-up.

Rinse your skin with a washcloth dipped and squeezed in warm water first to remove oils and dirt. Have a hot shower if you want to exfoliate the whole body.

Warm water opens up pores, making exfoliation easier.

Start with your nose, slowly move to the forehead and the rest of your face. Be careful especially in areas near your eyes and mouth.

Jojoba beads are best due to their effectiveness. Avoid overdoing exfoliation in anticipation of the faster result, over-treating will just disappoint you. Just do it in moderation.

The skin needs ample time to adjust to the changes. Allow the exfoliation particles to do their job.

Scrub gently with mild pressure, in upward and circular motions for a minute or two. The process is dependent on your skin type. If for instance, you have fragile capillaries, apply oil before scrubbing to offer protection to your skin.

Use a Hydration Moisturizer after Exfoliation

Before applying moisturizer, you need to wash your face thoroughly with lukewarm water and dry yourself with a clean towel.

The cloth will create a light friction that will get rid of the superficial layers of dead skin. This process may produce some redness which is normal.

The redness will disappear after some hours for most people.

Individuals who get the redness often need to change their schedule and exfoliate at night to give the skin enough time to restore while they are sleeping.

Applying moisturizer after exfoliation is vital as it significantly decreases future dead skin cells, skin drying and redness. Most moisturizers and body lotions have alpha and beta hydroxyl acids which are essential in removing dead skin cells.

Precautions & Tips

  • Avoid exfoliating in areas that you have visible capillaries, severe acne, irritations, open cuts/wounds or skin lesions. If you suffer from any of the above conditions, consult your local licensed skin care therapist or dermatologist before commencing this new skin care regimen.
  • Use different items to exfoliate skin for various body parts and skin types. For instance, if you plan to exfoliate the body, I recommend a smooth, natural bristled brush, exfoliating scrub and gloves. Skin types are oily, normal and dry. Each skin type needs different levels of care.
  • Never use a body scrub on the face. Body scrubs contain harsher and bigger granules meant for skin below the neck. Facial skin is more delicate and much softer.
  • For those with sensitive skin, apply the product on a small section of your ankle or wrist and examine for irritation. If irritation occurs, stop immediately. If you ignore and continue this product, you will end having rashes, dark spots and pimples that may take a while to heal, or worse never heal at all. It takes a lot more than just looking at the label that reads “for sensitive skin.” Look at the ingredients to ensure there is nothing that does not get along with your skin.
  • Exfoliation is drying the skin. Apply moisturizer at least once daily after the process to keep your skin hydrated.
  • Use a pumice stone to remove the hard and dry skin on your feet.
  • Do not focus on the face only, exfoliate from head to toe. Emphasize on the face but give consideration to the rest of the body too.
  • The process should be very gentle. Hard scrubbing would not do your skin any good.
  • People with oily skins should first remove the excess oil using glycolic pads, and later apply moisturizer and sunscreen as the acids make the skin susceptible to sun sensitivity.

Professional Exfoliation vs. DIY

Many people have a dilemma between at-home exfoliation and professional exfoliation.

If you have time to wear makeup, it means you have time to self-exfoliate your skin.

Professional Exfoliation may be expensive than you think. If you are working on a tight budget, you can still exfoliate your skin like a pro using natural remedies like baking soda and coconut oil.

Items like skin care brushes can be purchased cosmetic sections in convenience stores or online sites like eBay and Amazon.

Follow the instructions that come with accessories carefully.

There are many natural ways you can perform this without breaking your bank. Just follow the above steps, and if you do it right, the results will blow your mind.

Exfoliate the whole body to avoid dull looking legs and shoulders when you are in your favorite bikini or when you are wearing that fancy dinner dress.


Make your mornings brighter and tour skin impressively smooth by following the above guidelines.

Regardless of your reasons for exfoliating, be it rejuvenating winter skin, preparing yourself for tanning products or getting ready for the summer, exfoliation is vital for your skin.

Author Bio

Ella Allan is a blogger at beauty blog: She has come up with a brilliant plan. That is, to put up a beauty blog that will go along with everyone on their journey toward beauty and wellness.

Find Ella on Twitter at @Ella_Allan90

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