- 1 Some Common Possible Kidney Problems
- 1.1 Pyelonephritis (infection of kidney pelvis)
- 1.2 Glomerulonephritis
- 1.3 Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis)
- 1.4 Nephrotic syndrome
- 1.5 Polycystic kidney disease
- 1.6 Acute renal failure (kidney failure)
- 1.7 Chronic renal failure
- 1.8 End stage renal disease (ESRD)
- 1.9 Hypertensive nephropathy
- 1.10 Minimal change disease
- 1.11 Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
- 1.12 Papillary necrosis
- 1.13 Diabetic nephropathy
- 1.14 Renal cyst
- 1.15 Interstitial nephritis
- 2 Possible kidney tests
- 3 Why diet is important for proper kidney function?
- 4 Healthy diet for kidney function
- 5 Difference Between Normal And Kidney Friendly Diets
- 6 Final Thoughts
Every human being is blessed with a pair of bean shaped organ in back of abdomen. These are approximately the size of 4- 5 inches. You can say size of a human fist.
These are human kidneys.
The kidneys remove waste, filter blood, control body fluids and creates urine. Each kidney have millions of microscopic units that are called nephron.
Some Common Possible Kidney Problems
Sad news is that kidney can lose up to 90% of its functions without even showing any symptoms.
However few possible kidney conditions can be:
Pyelonephritis (infection of kidney pelvis)
This infection usually cause back pain and fever. The most common cause of this infection; pyelonephritis is, spread of bacteria from an untreated bladder infection.
Glomerulonephritis is caused by overactive immune system and it may attack the kidney, causing inflammation and some damage.
Blood and protein in the urine are common problems that occur with glomerulonephritis. This infection can also result in kidney failure.
Kidney stones (nephrolithiasis)
Kidney’s stones are considered as one of the most painful problem of kidneys.
In this disease minerals in urine form crystals (stones), which may grow large enough to block urine flow.
Most kidney stones pass on their own but some are too large and they need a proper treatment.
In nephrotic syndrome, kidney spill a large amount of protein into the urine due to damage in kidney.
Leg swelling (edema) may also be a symptom.
Polycystic kidney disease
Cysts in kidneys can cause problem and damage in kidneys. This disease is genetic.
Acute renal failure (kidney failure)
A sudden problem in kidney function is acute renal failure.
Dehydration, a blockage in the urinary tract, or kidney damage can cause this problem, and if treated on time and properly, the disease can be reversed.
Chronic renal failure
Usually people with diabetes and high blood pressure suffer from this disease. It is a permanent partial loss of kidney function.
End stage renal disease (ESRD)
It is complete loss of kidney function, usually due to progressive chronic kidney disease. People with ESRD require regular dialysis for survival.
This is Kidney damage caused by high blood pressure.
Chronic renal failure may eventually result.Kidney cancer: Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kidney cancer and is caused by smoking.
Minimal change disease
It is a form of nephrotic syndrome in which kidney cells look almost normal under the microscope.
The disease can cause significant leg swelling (edema). Steroids are used to treat minimal change disease.
Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
The kidneys lose the ability to concentrate the urine, usually due to a drug reaction.
Although it's rarely dangerous, diabetes insipidus causes constant thirst and frequent urination.
This disease is large and severe damage to the kidneys and can cause kidney tissues to break off internally.
These broken tissues may clog the kidneys.
If untreated, the resulting damage can lead to total kidney failure.
Usually High blood sugar from diabetes progressively damages the kidneys, eventually causing chronic kidney disease and even Protein in the urine (nephrotic syndrome).
This Isolated kidney cysts occur in many normal people and almost never impair kidney function but we thought to mention this condition because you never know which condition can aid another condition to enhance sever progression in diseases.
Due to allergic reactions or side effects of medicine there may be Inflammation of the connective tissue inside the kidney, often causing acute renal failure.
Possible kidney tests
Any of these tests may be diagnosed to check any problem in kidney condition.
- Ultrasound of kidney
- CT scan
- MRI scan
Why diet is important for proper kidney function?
Diet plays an important role in any disease. Most of kidney diseases can be improved or prevented through diet. As if kidney disease is caused by high blood pressure or diabetes you can control it with appropriate diet.
When kidneys are not working properly than waste and fluid buildup in your body. And it can damage other body functions and parts.
You should follow a strict diet plan depending on condition of your disease.
Healthy diet for kidney function
Many factors are related when we talk about a healthy diet for your kidneys. When taking healthy food you can focus on these factors.
1. Food that has required Calories
Calories are important while selecting diet.
Calories are little energy bombs that are stored in your body. You may need to limit your calorie intake e.g. for diabetes or obese people may need to decrease calorie intake.
Or you may need to increase it because of weakness, weight loss etc.
Protein is important for health and life.
But you need to monitor proteins in your body as many of kidney diseases can cause excess protein to spill out through your urine and it can be painful.
As kidneys have to work more to digest proteins in body so food with low protein are recommended for kidney patients.
Some of low protein foods are bread, pasta, vegetables and rice.
Meats are always high protein food so avoid meat, poultry and eggs etc. in kidney disease.
Carbohydrates are instant source of energy and are easily digestible but many carbs may contain phosphorus or potassium that you may need to limit according to your diseases stage.
Fruits and vegetables are healthy source of carbohydrates.
Fat is healthy for body to some extent however, excess of fats can cause weight gain and diseases like blood pressure etc.
Fat that is good for body is called saturated fats and food that contains saturated fats are olive oil, corn oil, peanut oil whereas butter, lard, meat and so on, contains unsaturated fats that you may want to remove from your diet list.
Sodium or salt is important in any food that we eat but excess of sodium can boost thirst and cause swelling.
You may need to limit your salt intake because of high blood pressure also.
Never used uncooked salt for healthy diet intake.
Difference Between Normal And Kidney Friendly Diets
You need to balance your body phosphorus, fluids and potassium in order to prevent damage to your kidney.
Some foods that you should take include:
Foods low in phosphorus
- Italian, French or sourdough bread
- Corn or rice cereals and cream of wheat
- Unsalted popcorn
- Some light-colored sodas and lemonade, (low in sugar)
Furthermore, you may need to lower your water intake in kidney disease and you also need vitamin supplements in kidney disease as kidney friendly diet may not support your vitamin requirements.
You can check out some supplements below from our favorite provider.
Sarah Carey is a blogger by choice. She loves to discover the world around her. She likes to share her discoveries, experiences and express herself through her blogs. Currently, she is associated with DementiaTalk Team.