If you sleep multiple times in a single day the chances are you’re adhering to a sleeping pattern called Polyphasic sleeping.
Polyphasic is one of three sleeping patterns people follow in their daily lives. The other two are Monophasic and Biphasic sleeping. The last two are more common.
However, more and more people are adopting Polyphasic sleeping nowadays, increasing its popularity especially among professionals with hectic schedules.
Each category is characterized by the amount of sleep and the specific length of each sleep.
Everyman is currently the most common and the easiest to adapt to among the three. It consists of sleeping 4 times a day; one for three and half hours while the others consist of 20-minute naps.
On the other hand, the Dymaxion sleeping pattern is made up of four 30-minute naps spread across a single day. The total time a person following Dymaxion will sleep is two hours per day. It is also said that this is the most difficult pattern to adapt to.
Finally, there is the Uberman. This pattern consists of six or eight 20-minute naps spread evenly throughout a day. Compared to the other two, Uberman is considered to be the most impractical as well as the most difficult to adapt to.
A lot of people believe that Polyphasic sleeping will enable them to achieve tremendous success.
It is widely believed that the great thinkers and inventors Leonardo Da Vinci, Nikola Tesla, and Thomas Edison, followed the various degrees of Polyphasic sleeping.
Historic leaders such as Napoleon Bonaparte and Winston Churchill are also said to have slept Polyphasically.
While it is increasing in popularity, medical experts have argued that Polyphasic sleeping isn’t for everybody. For example, Dymaxion is only suitable for people who have the DEC2 gene, also known as “short sleepers”.
Similarly, people who are able to follow a rigid schedule and/or have jobs that do not require up to 3.5 hours of activity are more compatible with the Uberman pattern.
Consequently, Polyphasic sleeping also contains some negative repercussions that might affect your physical, mental, and emotional health. Naturally, humans are more geared to be Biphasic and changing your sleeping pattern may prove to be more difficult than changing your body clock when crossing over to another time zone.
Swapping this natural trait for Polyphasic sleeping also means you may be putting your body systems at risk.
Although it is possible to change your sleeping habits, the chances of sleep deprivation might be inescapable. People who go from Monophasic or Biphasic to Polyphasic are at more risk of suffering from insomnia.
There have been cases where people who have attempted to adhere to the Polyphasic sleeping pattern in order to avoid insomnia, actually ended up suffering from sleep problems.
And for those who are already struggling with insomnia, Polyphasic sleeping may lead to procuring other bad habits and magnifying the negative effects of the illness.
Your stress and anxiety are more than likely to increase as you attempt Dymaxion or Uberman. These particular patterns can also give way to an unhealthy obsession towards sleep, exerting all your focus on it instead of your daily responsibilities.
Despite these negative consequences, a lot of people continue to benefit from Polyphasic sleeping as well. The most common benefit is that Polyphasic sleeping has enabled many to increase their productivity.
Polyphasic sleeping enables you to get a lot of work done with comparatively less time spent sleeping. Hence, this is the reason why a lot of business executives favor this pattern as opposed to the more normalized Monophasic habit.