Other complications can be caused by the shingles virus if it isn’t treated on time and properly. The following are some of the complications that can occur.
Post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN)
It is the most common shingles infection complication and it occurs after shingles is treated and involves nerve pain. The condition is uncommon among patients who are younger than 50.
For individuals who are over 60 years old, 1 out of every 5 individuals with shingles will experience PHN. Normally the condition will last for over one month. The chances of it taking place is higher in older individuals based on records.
The older a person is, the higher their risk is for getting the complication.
One of the more visible shingles symptoms is a skin rash. However, the rash might result in a serious skin infection if it gets exposed to bacteria.
It will result in the skin being inflamed and turning red. If it gets worse, you might need to consult with a skin expert to get the right treatment. To fight an infection, antibiotics might be prescribed.
The eyes might be affected by shingles. When that occurs, the fronts of the eyes might swell. Serious cases can lead to the entire eye becoming inflamed, and that can result in loss of eyesight. Obviously that is a really serious complication that needs to be treated properly and immediately.
Motor skills of the infected person can be affected by shingles. It happens when the motor nerves are attacked by the virus or the nerves controlling the muscles. A patient might experience extreme weakness that might possibly result in paralysis.
Other complications might be caused by shingles that involve the brain. It is a very serious condition but very rare as well. People with very poor immune systems get the virus and are at high risk as well for developing highly difficult and severe shingles complications.
What other ways may shingles be transmitted?
VZV – which is the varicella virus – causes shingles and chickenpox. It is very contagious, particularly for individuals who haven’t had chickenpox before or who haven’t received the chickenpox vaccination.
The virus gets released from blisters or lesions, or by an open rash that shingles causes. Although the shingles virus isn’t known to be transmitted via sexual intercourse or through any type of sexual contact, it may still be transferred during sexual activity due to rashes, blisters or open lesions. They may be touched during sexual activity.
If the open lesion was touched by a person who is vulnerable to this virus, and the individual hasn’t had chickenpox or received the vaccine, then this individual will catch the virus and get chickenpox.
In the future the virus then can develop into shingles.
Due to the situation that was described above, it also needs to be stated that the shingles virus also be be transferred via touch. However, the blisters, rash or lesions need to be open or be releasing the virus in order for the transmission to occur.
Some people also say the varicella zoster virus may be transferred via saliva. The claim was made due to the fact that some reports stated that the varicella zoster virus may be seen in the saliva as well as the nasal secretions of the individual with the shingles or chickenpox. However, there is insufficient data for backing up this claim the the virus made be spread via saliva.
Signs of shingles and times when this virus is the most infectious
Whenever an individual gets infected by the virus and chickenpox is caused also, the individual will notice blisters or a visible rash a couple of days after getting the virus. These blisters and are expected to emerge afer the following signs are experienced:
- Lack of feeling or numbness on one side of your body
- Burning feeling
- Itchy sensation or tingling feeling
Whenever the blisters or rash start to happen, the infected person will start releasing the virus from a rash or open lesions.
That is the stage where this viral infection is at its most contagious.